Common Dental Problems Explained
There are various treatment options available for patients who have different orthodontic problems. During the first visit, the orthodontist will evaluate the patient’s all around oral health and based on the diagnosis, an individualized treatment plan will be created in order to correct spotted problems. Since the root causes of the abnormalities are different, only the appropriate treatments and appliances should be applied to the patients. The most common cases are described below.
Crowding of the Teeth
Crowding of the teeth happens when there’s no enough space for all the teeth to grow properly. In this case, a palatal expander might be recommended in order to expand and provide more space for the teeth to grow in some cases. In other cases, some teeth are extracted so the remaining teeth can have enough space. No matter what the technique suited for each patient, orthodontists will always consult it with the patient first and make sure he or she understands the treatment, its risks, and its benefits.
In open bite, front teeth don’t touch each other. This case is common for those children who suck their thumbs when they are still young. Braces and special appliances called a crib can be used to correct this problem.
Deep overbites are easier to treat if the patient is still growing. Braces can be required in order to correct this and sometimes, jaw surgery is need especially for adult patients with severe cases.
Missing Lateral Incisors
On the other hand, cases of missing lateral incisors are also increasing. In order to correct this one, braces and other appliances must be worn for a few months up to several years depending on the individual case. Bonded Maryland bridges can be used in order to replace the missing teeth.
Under bites can cause patients jaw discomforts, pain, and excessive wear patterns on the teeth. This should be treated as soon as possible in order to prevent the teeth from degrading faster than expected. Treatments can last from few months up to several years using the appropriate appliances.
Spacing of Teeth
Spacing of teeth can be corrected easily with the use of braces and other appliances.
This is the case wherein patients have protruding front teeth. This can be corrected by undergoing Phase I and Phase II treatments.
There are other problems which can be resolved without the use of braces. Treatments may include adjusting the width of the teeth to allow crowded teeth to have enough space.
During Phase I treatment, orthodontists creates a desirable environment for the permanent teeth to grow which include using an expander. Phase II which aligns the teeth with the use of braces and other appliances follows after Phase I.
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